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Japan

The Japanese legal system is based on statute law, primarily the Constitution of Japan (1946), the Civil Code (1896), the Criminal Code (1907), the Commercial Code (1899), the Code of Civil Procedure (1996), and the Code of Criminal Procedure (1948). These are referred to as ‘the Six Codes’.

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New developments

Two drafts for the new law of obligations have been published. The key question is how far Japan should follow the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), which Japan ratified in June 2008 and will take effect in August in 2009 in Japan. It will take a few years to complete the final draft.

1. Sources of law

The Japanese legal system is based on statute law, primarily the Constitution of Japan (1946), the Civil Code (1896), the Criminal Code (1907), the Commercial Code (1899), the Code of Civil Procedure (1996), and the Code of Criminal Procedure (1948). These are referred to as ‘the Six Codes’.

Editorial board
Makoto Arai TEP
The University of Tsukuba, Tokyo, Japan

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