STEP

Title Research

Belgium

In 1830, Belgium became independent from the Netherlands. A monarchy was installed and a national constitutional law was accepted. Following recent state reforms, Belgium has become a federal state divided into three regions (Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels Capital Region) and three Communities (Flemish, French and German).

In 1957, Belgium was a founding member of the European Union (EU). It hosts the headquarters of the Council and Commission of the EU, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), and many other international organisations.

STEP Benelux branch page

1. Introduction

a. History and background

In 1830, Belgium became independent from the Netherlands. A monarchy was installed and a national constitutional law was accepted. Following recent state reforms, Belgium has become a federal state divided into three regions (Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels Capital Region) and three Communities (Flemish, French and German).

In 1957, Belgium was a founding member of the European Union (EU). It hosts the headquarters of the Council and Commission of the EU, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), and many other international organisations.

The currency is the euro (EUR).

b. Government

Belgium is a constitutional monarchy governed by a multi-party coalition. Until 1815, Belgium was part of France and the French Code Napoléon was installed. When Belgium became part of the Netherlands in 1815, the French administration and legal system were adopted. Now Belgium is in the European Union, European legislation also has an important influence.

As Belgium is a federal state, each region and community exercises to some extent its own legislative and executive power.

Benelux editorial board
Remko van Roekel
Citco (Nederland) BV, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Caroline Hoogsteyns
NV Citco Belgium SA, Brussels, Belgium
Doeke van der Molen
Citco C&T (Luxembourg) SA, Luxembourg

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