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Argentina

Argentina is a republic established under the 1853 Constitution (amended several times since then but still in force), composed of 23 provinces and the City of Buenos Aires (federal capital). The country’s population is approximately 40 million and Argentine Gross National Product reached USD571,392 in 2008. Argentina is a founding member of Mercosur (the Southern Common Market). The currency is the Argentine Peso (ARS).

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1. Introduction

a. History and background

Argentina is a republic established under the 1853 Constitution (amended several times since then but still in force), composed of 23 provinces and the City of Buenos Aires (federal capital). The country’s population is approximately 40 million and Argentine Gross National Product reached USD571,392 in 2008. Argentina is a founding member of Mercosur (the Southern Common Market). The currency is the Argentine Peso (ARS).

b. Legal system

The legal system adopted in Argentina is codified, and laws are issued under federal, state and municipal legislative powers, with due regard to their individual spheres of authority. The main legal texts in Argentina are the Civil Code, Commercial Code and Penal Code.

Editorial board
Nicolas Malumian TEP
Malumian & Fossati, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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